barber institute of fine arts
university of birmingham

Francisco de Goya (1746-1828)

Loyalty, Plate 17 from ‘The Proverbs’

Spain, about 1816

Etching with aquatint and drypoint


Goya’s final series of etchings, The Proverbs (Los Proverbios), also known as Disparetes or Absurdities, remain his most mysterious and enigmatic.

Featuring a group of monks and friars, Loyalty appears to be concerned with the licentious behaviour of those in religious orders. This strange group evokes a sense of the carnivalesque, a world turned upside down, though the exact meaning remains unclear. The series was not printed during the artist’s lifetime.


Purchased 1956 (No. 56.13)

Francisco de Goya (1746-1828) after Diego Velázquez

The Dwarf El Primo



Works on Paper

Learn more